Resources and Bibliography

Resources &
Bibliography

Resources: Center for the History of Medicine, Countway Library

Center for the History of Medicine. https://countway.harvard.edu/center-history-medicine.

Archives for Diversity and Inclusion. https://countway.harvard.edu/center-history-medicine/collections-research-access/awm.

OnView: Digital Collections & Exhibits. http://collections.countway.harvard.edu/onview/index.php.

Coup, Elizabeth. “Processing of the Harold Amos Papers Underway.” Center for the History of Medicine News. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://cms.www.countway.harvard.edu/wp/?p=12742.

Eckert, Jack. “Broad Foundation.” OnView: Digital Collections & Exhibits. Center for the History of Medicine. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://collections.countway.harvard.edu/onview/exhibits/show/broad-foundation.

Eckert, Jack. “‘This Abominable Traffic’: Physicians on Slavery.” OnView: Digital Collections & Exhibits. Center for the History of Medicine. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://collections.countway.harvard.edu/onview/exhibits/show/this-abominable-traffic.

Ilacqua, Joan. “A Brief History of Women at Harvard Medical School.” OnView: Digital Collections & Exhibits. Center for the History of Medicine. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://collections.countway.harvard.edu/onview/exhibits/show/women.

Murphy, Jessica. “Grete L. Bibring: The Modern Woman.” OnView: Digital Collections & Exhibits. Center for the History of Medicine. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://collections.countway.harvard.edu/onview/exhibits/show/grete-bibring-the-modern-woman.

 

Resources: The Office for Diversity Inclusion and Community Partnership

The Office for Diversity Inclusion and Community Partnership. https://mfdp.med.harvard.edu/.

Diversity Task Force. Harvard Medical School. https://hms.harvard.edu/about-hms/campus-culture/diversity-task-force.

 

Bibliography

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“About HDA – HDA Service, Leadership, and Advocacy for Hispanic Oral Health.” Hispanic Dental Association. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://hdassoc.org/about-us/.

“About NDA – NDA.” National Dental Association. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://ndaonline.org/about-nda/.

“African Americans and the End of Slavery in Massachusetts.” Massachusetts Historical Society. Accessed October 11, 2019. http://www.masshist.org/endofslavery/index.php?id=61.

“Against all odds: Students of African descent at HMS before affirmative action.” The Harvard Gazette, November 18, 2004. https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2004/11/against-all-odds/.

Agbor, Phylisha W. “Ida Gray Nelson Rollins (1867-1953).” BlackPast, November 22, 2013. https://www.blackpast.org/african-american-history/rollins-ida-gray-nelson-1867-1953/.

Bailey, Melissa. “Harvard Medical School students decry lack of diversity.” STAT, February 8, 2016. https://www.statnews.com/2016/02/08/harvard-medical-school-diversity/.

Baker, Robert B., et. al. “African American Physicians and Organized Medicine 1846-1968: Origins of a Racial Divide.” Journal of the American Medical Association, 300 no. 3 (2008): 306-313. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/182255.

“Bernard Davis and Minority Students At the Med School.” The Harvard Crimson, May 19, 1976. https://www.thecrimson.com/article/1976/5/19/bernard-davis-and-minority-students-at.

Blue Spruce, George. Searching for My Destiny. University of Nebraska Press: 2012.

“Boston Before Busing, 1964-1974,” Boston: Northeastern University Libraries, 2015. http://dsgsites.neu.edu/desegregation.

“Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1).” Oyez. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://www.oyez.org/cases/1940-1955/347us483.

Buckley, M.R.F. “Making History: Dr. Alvin Poussaint reflects on a lifetime of achievement.” Harvard Medical School News. May 16, 2019. https://hms.harvard.edu/news/making-history-0.

Buckley, M.R.F. “Portrait of a Pioneer: 60 years after his death, groundbreaking bacteriologist Hinton honored at HMS.” Harvard Medical School News. September 13, 2019. https://hms.harvard.edu/news/portrait-pioneer.

Butler, Gerry. “Martin Robison Delany (1812-1885).” BlackPast, March 3, 2007. https://www.blackpast.org/african-american-history/delany-major-martin-robison-1812-1885/.

Civil Rights Digital Library. Accessed October 11, 2019. http://crdl.usg.edu.

“Civil Rights Movement Veterans.” Civil Rights Movement Veterans - CORE, NAACP, SCLC, SNCC. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://www.crmvet.org/.

Crumpler, Rebecca Lee. A Book of Medical Discourses in Two Parts. Boston: Cashman, Keating, & Co., 1883. https://archive.org/details/67521160R.nlm.nih.gov/page/n3.

“Dean’s Task Force on Diversity and Inclusion.” Harvard Medical School. Accessed 5 February 2018. https://hms.harvard.edu/about-hms/campus-culture/deans-task-force-diversity-and-inclusion.

“Diversity in the Physician Workforce: Facts & Figures 2014.” Association of American Medical Colleges, 2014. http://aamcdiversityfactsandfigures.org/.

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“Dr. Augustus A. White, III.” The History Makers. https://www.thehistorymakers.org/biography/dr-augustus-white-iii.

“Dr. Charles A. Eastman Ohiyesa (The Winner).” Dr. Charles A. Eastman. Akta Lakota Museum & Cultural Center. Accessed October 11, 2019. http://aktalakota.stjo.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=8884.

“Dr. Clifton Dummett, Leader in Academic Medicine and Dental Education, Passes Away.” Bulletin of Dental Education. American Dental Education Association. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://www.adea.org/BDEBlog.aspx?id=20607&blogid=27619.

“Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell.” Changing the Face of Medicine. National Library of Medicine. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://cfmedicine.nlm.nih.gov/physicians/biography_35.html.

“Dred Scott v. Sandford.” Oyez. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://www.oyez.org/cases/1850-1900/60us393.

Ducharme, Jamie. “Harvard Medical Students Are Demanding More Diversity on Campus.” Boston Magazine, February 2, 2016. http://www.bostonmagazine.com/health/2016/02/02/diversity-harvard-medical-school/.

Dummett, Clifton O. “National Museum of Dentistry Exhibition: The  Future is Now! African Americans in Dentistry.” Journal of the National Medical Association 95, no. 9 (September 2003):879-883. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2594473/.

Dummett, Clifton O. “Salute to Harvard School of Dental Medicine.” Journal of the Massachusetts Dental Society, 52, no. 2 (2003):28-32.

Dunne, Kerry. Busing & Beyond: School Desegregation in Boston. DPLA. https://dp.la/primary-source-sets/busing-beyond-school-desegregation-in-boston.

“Facts & Figures | HMS.” Harvard Medical School. Accessed 5 February 2018. https://hms.harvard.edu/about-hms/facts-figures.

“Faculty Development & Diversity Annual Report 2016-2017.” Harvard University, Office of the Senior Vice Provost. http://faculty.harvard.edu/files/fdd/files/2016-17_fdd_annual_report_for_web.pdf.

“THE FAMILY VAN.” Accessed 5 February 2018. http://www.familyvan.org/.

“Fisher v. University of Texas. |LS|1|RS|” Oyez. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://www.oyez.org/cases/2012/11-345.

“Fisher v. University of Texas. |LS|2|RS|” Oyez. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://www.oyez.org/cases/2015/14-981.

Fletcher, William. “Don Bowen: Bridging the Gap Between Two Nations.” Harvard Medical Alumni Bulletin 59, no. 3 (Fall 1985): 40-42. https://archive.org/details/harvardmedical59harv/page/40.

Flexner, Abraham. Medical Education in the United States and Canada. The Carnegie Foundation, 1910. http://archive.carnegiefoundation.org/pdfs/elibrary/Carnegie_Flexner_Report.pdf

“Gift Kicks Off the Freeman, Grant, Franklin Scholarship.” HSDM News, October 28, 2016. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://hsdm.harvard.edu/news/gift-kicks-freeman-grant-franklin-scholarship.

“Grutter v. Bollinger.” Oyez. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://www.oyez.org/cases/2002/02-241.

“Harvard School of Dental Medicine 150th Anniversary.” Harvard School of Dental Medicine. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://150.hsdm.harvard.edu/.

“Harvard SMNA.” Accessed 5 February 2018. https://snma.hms.harvard.edu/.

Hayden, Robert C. African-Americans in Boston: More than 350 Years. Boston: Trustees of the Boston Public Library, 1992. https://archive.org/details/africanamericans00hayd_0/page/n11.

“The history of African Americans and Organized Medicine.” American Medical Association. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://www.ama-assn.org/about/ama-history/history-african-americans-and-organized-medicine.

“History of Women at HMS.” Joint Committee on the Status of Women. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://jcsw.hms.harvard.edu/history.

“History – National Medical Association.” National Medical Association. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://www.nmanet.org/page/History.

Hurst, Ryan. “Mary Eliza Mahoney (1845-1926).” BlackPast, March 28, 2009. https://www.blackpast.org/african-american-history/mahoney-mary-eliza-1845-1926/.

“Jeanne C. Sinkfod | Celebrating Howard’s 150 Years.” Howard University. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://150.howard.edu/facts/jeanne-c-sinkford.

“Jessica Rickert.” Michigan Women’s Hall of Fame. Accessed October 11, 2019. http://www.michiganwomenshalloffame.org/Images/Rickert,%20Jessica.pdf.

“Jim Crow Laws.” Freedom Riders. WGBH. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/freedom-riders-jim-crow-laws/.

“Joseph L. Henry.” Memorial Minute. The Faculty of Medicine Harvard Medical School. https://fa.hms.harvard.edu/files/memorialminute_henry_joseph_l.pdf.

Kendrick, Stephen, and Paul Kendrick. Sarah’s Long Walk: The Free Blacks of Boston and How Their Struggle for Equality Changed America. Boston: Beacon Press, 2004.

King, Elizabeth Neber. “Women in Dentistry.” Washington University Dental Journal, 1945. http://beckerexhibits.wustl.edu/mowihsp/health/womenindentistry.htm.

Liberman, Emily. “HMS Opens Doors to Diversity.” Harvard Medical School News, October 2, 2009. https://hms.harvard.edu/news/hms-opens-doors-diversity-10-2-09.

Manos, Nick. “David Jones Peck (ca. 1826-1855).” BlackPast, February 4, 2009. https://www.blackpast.org/african-american-history/peck-dr-david-jones-c-1826/.

“Medical Committee for Human Rights.” SNCC Digital Gateway. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://snccdigital.org/inside-sncc/alliances-relationships/mchr/.

“Medical School recognized for excellence in minority health.” The Harvard Gazette, September 26, 2002. http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2002/09/medical-school-recognized-for-excellence-in-minority-health/.

Morgan, Thomas M. “The Education and Medical Practice of Dr. James McCune Smith (1813-1865), First Black American to Hold a Medical Degree.” Journal of the National Medical Association, 95 no. 7 (July 2003): 603-614. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2594637/.

Morris, Karen. “The Founding of the National Medical Association.” Yale Medicine Thesis Digital Library, 2007. https://elischolar.library.yale.edu/ymtdl/360.

Neal, Anthony W. “Boston’s black medical community thrived in the mid-19th century.” The Bay State Banner. April 11, 2012. https://www.baystatebanner.com/2012/04/11/bostons-black-medical-community-thrived-in-the-mid-19th-century/.

Neal, Antony W. “Dr. Jessie K. Garnett: The first black woman to practice dentistry in the Hub.” The Bay State Banner. May 19, 2016. https://www.baystatebanner.com/2016/05/19/dr-jessie-k-garnett-the-first-black-woman-to-practice-dentistry-in-the-hub/.

Nercessian, Nora. Against All Odds: The Legacy of Students of African Descent at Harvard Medical School before Affirmative Action, 1850-1968. Boston: Harvard Medical School, 2004.

“Norman Family.” West Virginia Archives & History. Accessed October 11, 2019. http://www.wvculture.org/history/gallery/normanfamily.html.

“Office of Recruitment & Multicultural Affairs.” Medical Education - Harvard Medical School. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://meded.hms.harvard.edu/office-recruitment-multicultural-affairs.

“Penn in the 18th Century: School of Medicine.” Penn University Archives & Records Center. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://archives.upenn.edu/exhibits/penn-history/18th-century/medical-school.

“Plessy v. Ferguson.” Oyez. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://www.oyez.org/cases/1850-1900/163us537.

“Portrait of Dr. Freeman Honors HSDM’s First African American Graduate.” HSDM News, April 24, 2019. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://hsdm.harvard.edu/news/portrait-dr-robert-freeman-honors-hsdm%E2%80%99s-first-african-american-graduate.

Powell, Alvin. “Legacy of Resolve: HMS scholarship honors the mission, principles of abolitionist Lewis Hayden.” The Harvard Gazette. February 23, 2015. https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2015/02/legacy-of-resolve/.

Rafferty, Michael. “On Our Mind: The multidisciplinary study of the brain got its start at HMS more than fifty years ago.” Harvard Medicine. https://hms.harvard.edu/magazine/ethics/our-mind.

“Reconstruction Era: 1865-1877.” Howard University Library System. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://www.howard.edu/library/reference/guides/reconstructionera/.

“Regents of the University of California v. Bakke.” Oyez. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://www.oyez.org/cases/1979/76-811.

Reynolds, P. Preston. “Professional and Hospital Discrimination and US Court of Appeals Fourth Circuit 1956-1967.” American Journal of Public Health, 94 no. 5 (May 2004): 710-720. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1448322/.

Rickert, Jessica A. “American Indian Dentists Need Your Help to Help American Indian Pre-Dental Students.” Native News Online, February 1, 2016. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://nativenewsonline.net/currents/american-indian-dentists-need-your-help-to-help-american-indian-pre-dental-students/.

Rosenfeld, Louis. “Martin Robison Delany (1812-1885): Physician, Black Separatist, Explorer, Soldier.” Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 65, no. 7 (September 1989): 801–18. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2695204.

Savitt, Todd. “Abraham Flexner and the Black Medical Schools.” Journal of the National Medical Association, 98 no. 9 (September 2006): 1415-1424. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2569717/.

“Say Brother; Caring for Your Health; Dr. Emillio Carillo comments on healthcare in the Latino community,” 12/02/1977, WGBH Media Library & Archives, accessed February 5, 2018, http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_E2D4702CE0FC4D01AD5DF89FB13C9FC1.

Schumann, John Henning. “A Bygone Era: When Bipartisanship Led to Health Care Transformation.” NPR. October 2, 2016. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/10/02/495775518/a-bygone-era-when-bipartisanship-led-to-health-care-transformation.

“Stark & Subtle Divisions: A Collaborative History of Segregation in Boston". www.bosdesca.omeka.net.

“Surgeon General’s Report on Oral Health in America.” National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. Accessed October 11, 2019. https://www.nidcr.nih.gov/research/data-statistics/surgeon-general.

Versaci, Mary Beth. “First woman to serve as Chicago Dental Society president inspired others to follow dreams.” ADA News. American Dental Association, May 10, 2019. https://www.ada.org/en/publications/ada-news/2019-archive/may/1st-woman-to-serve-as-chicago-dental-society.

“Who We Are – Society of American Indian Dentists.” Society of American Indian Dentists. Accessed October 11, 2019. http://www.thesaidonline.org/who-we-are.