Brown v. Board of Education

In 1954, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal” and violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.

In 1951, a class action suit was filed against the Board of Education of the City of Topeka, Kansas, by thirteen Black parents on behalf of their twenty children after attempting to enroll the children in White-only public schools. The District Court ruled in favor of the Board of Education, citing Plessy v. Ferguson, before being heard before the Supreme Court.

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Historical Context